In an era of high financial integration, we investigate the relationship between the real exchange rate and international reserves using nonlinear regressions and panel threshold regressions over 110 countries from 2001 to 2020. Our study shows the level of financial institution development plays an essential role in explaining the buffer effect of international reserves. Countries with a low development of their financial institutions may manage the international reserves as a shield to deal with the negative consequences of terms-of-trade shocks on the real exchange rate. We also find the buffer effect is stronger in countries with intermediate levels of financial openness.
|Author:||Joshua; Sy-Hoa; Luu Duc Toan;Jamel; Gazi, Aizenman; Ho; Huynh; Saadaoui; Salah Uddin|
|No. of pages:||4|